/wp-content/themes/awp-enfold/blank.png 0 0 awp-admin /wp-content/themes/awp-enfold/blank.png awp-admin1996-06-01 20:12:202018-09-29 10:22:17Liability and risk
McCarthy, D., Liability and risk. Philosophy and Public Affairs 25(3) (1996): 238–62. PDF | Abstract
Standard theories of liability say that X is liable to Y only if Y was harmed, only if X caused Y harm, and (usually) only if X was at fault. This article offers a series of criticisms of each of these claims, and use them to construct an alternative theory of liability in which the nature of X's having imposed a risk of harm on Y is central to the question of when X is liable to Y, and for how much. The article ends with some conjectures on ignorance as an excusing condition.