/wp-content/themes/awp-enfold/blank.png 0 0 awp-admin /wp-content/themes/awp-enfold/blank.png awp-admin2012-05-13 19:49:452018-09-29 10:20:25Risk-free approaches to the priority view
McCarthy, D., Risk-free approaches to the priority view. Erkenntnis 78(2)(2013): 421–49. PDF | Abstract
Parfit advertised the priority view as a new and fundamental theory in the ethics of distribution. He never discusses risk, and many writers follow suit when discussing the priority view. This article formalizes two popular arguments for a commonly accepted risk-free definition of the priority view. One is based on a direct attempt to define the priority view, the other is based on a contrast with utilitarianism and egalitarianism. But it argues that neither argument succeeds, and more generally, that it is not possible to make sense of the priority view in a risk-free framework. As a diagnosis, the article suggests that the literature on the priority view has paid insufficient attention to axiomatization and has most likely mistaken the proper role of the use of evaluative measurements in theorizing about the ethics of distribution. Reasons are eventually offered for thinking that despite appearances, approaching the priority view in terms of risk from the outset is quite natural.